What is ortodontics dental treatment?
With orthodontic treatment, besides having a beautiful smile, chewing ability and healthy teeth are obtained. A healthy and beautiful smile is an important factor in perceiving a person as an intelligent, effective and easy communicator. The purpose of these treatments is to prepare enough space for the new teeth so that the permanent teeth can erupt properly. For this purpose, placeholders that protect the place of prematurely lost milk teeth are prepared. In addition, it is recommended that children prone to dental caries should be followed up by pedodontists.
Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of dental and facial irregularities. The main purpose of orthodontics is to prevent the formation of disorders related to the teeth, jaw and face area. At the same time, it is a specialty that aims to stop the progression of existing disorders, to treat them, to protect oral dental health and to provide a good aesthetic function (biting, chewing, speaking, laughing).
How Long Does Orthodontic Treatment Take?
The duration of orthodontic treatment depends on many factors. However, the most important factor affecting the duration of orthodontic treatment is the severity of the orthodontic problem. Although the average treatment period is 18 months, the duration of treatment can vary between 8-30 months depending on the severity of the problem.
Why Should Orthodontic Disorders Be Treated?
- Good facial aesthetics
- A nice smile
- Prevention of jaw joint disorders
- Ability to bite, chew, and talk effectively
- To reduce susceptibility to gum disease and tooth decay
How Orthodontic Disorders Occur?
- Due to hereditary factors
- Congenital anomalies (such as cleft lip, palate)
- Faulty functions (such as mouth breathing),
- Harmful habits (such as thumb sucking, using a pacifier for a long time),
- Early loss of teeth due to caries,
- Movements of teeth caused by gingival problems (Periodontological problems),
- As a result of the 20-year-old teeth not finding enough space,
- Sleeping style,
- It occurs due to traumas such as teeth grinding or falling, hitting.
When Should Orthodontic Treatment Be Done?
Orthodontic treatment can be applied at any age. However, if there are problems especially concerning the chin area, children should be examined before they reach full puberty (10-12 years) in order to benefit from growth and development. If necessary, treatment should be started immediately.
In children aged 5-6 years, Orthodontic examination is very useful for early detection of problems that may impair growth and development.
What is Required for Orthodontic Examination and Planning?
A number of analyzes are required for diagnosis and treatment planning before orthodontic treatment. Your dentist determines the condition of the teeth in the jaw by analyzing the cephalometric film taken. Smile analysis and profile analysis are made from the photographs. In addition, model analysis is required to determine whether the teeth need sufficient space or to determine tooth size anomaly.
What is Fixed Orthodontic Treatment?
After the permanent teeth erupt, orthodontic treatment after the age of 12-13 is now performed with brackets that stick on the teeth and are not removed during the treatment, and wires passing through these brackets. Some dental disorders allow brackets to be applied to the inner surfaces of the teeth, so that they can be completely invisible (Lingual Orthodontics). Fixed orthodontic treatment can be applied to patients of all ages with healthy teeth and gums. It requires long-term reinforcement with various passive devices and wires that are not visible from the outside in order to maintain the results obtained with the treatment.
Can a tooth be extracted for orthodontic treatment?
Tooth extraction for the purpose of orthodontic treatment is not preferred by patients. In deciding on tooth extraction, criteria such as the amount of crowding in the lower and upper jaws, the growth pattern of the lower and upper jaws, and the patient's facial profile are taken as a basis. First premolars are usually extracted for orthodontic treatment. The reason for this is that these teeth are usually close to the crowding area, there are two on each side of the jaw, and their extractions do not cause aesthetic discomfort. Tooth extraction may be required for a successful orthodontic treatment, where the result will be more stable.
What are the foods that should not be consumed during orthodontic treatment?
During the treatment, it is necessary to stay away from acidic drinks and foods such as sticky sweets and caramel. During the treatment, hard foods such as apple, quince, carrot should not be eaten by biting. It is convenient to eat such foods by cutting them into small pieces. In addition, it is appropriate not to eat sandwich, toast, hamburger type foods that are consumed by biting during the treatment. Eating nuts such as hazelnuts, walnuts, roasted chickpeas, as well as nutrients such as cherries, plums, olives, without removing the seeds, is not suitable as it may damage the brackets and wires.
Is There an Invisible Wire Treatment?
In recent years, the use of tooth-colored porcelain brackets, which attract less attention than metal brackets, has increased. In addition, bracket systems (lingual brackets) placed on the tongue-facing surfaces of the teeth have been developed. In appropriate cases, crowds are corrected with transparent molds (invisalign treatment) without using brackets and braces in our Dentapolitan Dental Hospital. It is necessary to use these patient-specific molds, which will be changed every two weeks, for approximately 20 hours a day. The duration of treatment varies between 2 and 24 months depending on the case.
What is Cleft Lip and Palate (DDY)?
Cleft lip-palate disorder (Kleft pale) is caused by the incomplete overlapping of the tissues that make up the palate and lip structures as a result of a disorder that occurs in the embryological period (in the womb). In maternal blood, this process occurs between the 4th and 12th stages. between weeks. Although the exact cause of HDD is unknown, both genetic and environmental factors are thought to play a role.
Babies born with DDY should be referred to an orthodontist within the first 24 hours. The orthodontist makes a nutritional plate by taking measurements from these babies. The orthodontist guides the palate tissues by periodically arranging this plate.
For more detailed information, you can contact our specialist dentists at our Dentapolitan Oral and Dental Health Hospital.
Is There Any Pain in Orthodontic Treatment?
- No pain occurs during fixed wire assembly (bracketing).
- Mild pain occurs after the first 8 hours after archwire activation.
- Pain does not occur in expansion (expansion of the palate), if it does, the appliance should be removed immediately.
- There is no pain in the use of extraoral devices.
- Pain formation in adult patients is slightly higher than in younger patients.